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Removing ‘Impurities’ – What’s REALLY in Fish Oil?

FISH OIL – Impurities or Nature’s Gift?

By Kirsa Sommersted

I found this article on fish oil intriguing as it highlights the challenge in buying quality supplements – reading the label is just not enough any more. We involve ourselves in checking out brands online, reading reviews to ensure we are getting exactly what we want! In addition to reading this article, you may be interested in our Best Foods for Me post

Manufacturers refine fish oils to remove “impurities”. Why do the manufacturers do this? According to Peckel Möller, founder of the Möller process, it is “an endeavor to overcome the difficulties in administering the oil”.1 In other words, it is a way to improve properties like taste, odor, and texture. But what are these “impurities”? Is it truly a good idea to remove them? What are we left with after refining the oil?


 Online articles describe a variety of processes that fish oil manufacturers use to refine fish oils and eliminate what they refer to as “impurities”. These refining processes include carbon filtration, earthen filtration, winterization, degumming, alkali refining, physical refining, sodium carbonate, bleaching, and deodorization.2 In fact, a quick Google search will retrieve over five million results for anyone interested in learning more about fish oil refining! The fish oil produced by these refining processes, even simple filtration, can strip the fish oil of vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids. These important nutrients are then put back into the oil in a synthetic, artificial form.


Are these truly impurities? The word “impurities” implies that fish oil contains contaminants or foreign bodies that do not belong in the oil.
Here is a list of “impurities” removed when fish oil is refined2:
  1. Triglycerides
  2. Free fatty acids
  3. Pigments
  4. Waxes
  5. Phospholipids
  6. Oxidation products
  7. Phosphatides
  8. Mucilaginous materials
What is fish oil and what does it contain?
Fish oil contains the following2:
  1. Triglycerides
  2. Free fatty acids
  3. Fatty acids
  4. Pigments
  5. Waxes
  6. Phospholipids
  7. Antioxidants
  8. Sterols
  9. Vitamins

If you compare the two lists, you might notice that they are almost identical! This means that none of these “impurities” are true impurities!


Since these “impurities” are actually all naturally occurring components of fish oil, I believe it is more appropriate to refer to them as innate particles.

Some of these innate particles have known benefits. In fact, if you are taking a fish oil supplement, there is a good chance that it is precisely because you want the vitamin D, vitamin A, and omega-3 fatty acids contained in the oil. Unfortunately, when fish oil is refined these innate particles are depleted, or completely removed, and have to be synthetically added back into the fish oil.

The synthetic vitamins and synthetic omega fatty acids that manufacturers use as replacements are difficult for the body to digest, and can lead to negative, and possibly toxic effects in the body.3-9


What about all the other innate particles that are not added back in using synthetic substitutes? Could any of them have beneficial effects?


If we look closer at these innate particles we find that almost all of them are lipids, or lipid derivatives. “Lipid” is a generic term used to describe substances that are not soluble in water. They store energy, serve as signaling molecules, and are an integral part of membranes.10


Triglycerides, also know as “fats”, are lipids that consist of a glycerol backbone and have three fatty acids attached. 10 When triglycerides under go lipolysis, they release the glycerol from the fatty acids, creating free fatty acids. Color pigments in fish oil are either natural, or the results of enzymatic browning (oxidation), non-enzymatic browning, and/or caramelization 2. One of the most important color pigments found in seafood is carotenoid.11,12 Carotenoid is an antioxidant and a precursor of vitamin A.

Researchers are investigating these other particles and are indeed discovering that some of them have beneficial properties.13-17 In fact; Yin and colleagues believe that some of the beneficial effects of fish oils could be due to novel oxidation products.11


Taken together, what does this all mean? Simply put, it means that of all the innate particles destroyed or damaged during the oil refining process, very few are actually synthetically put back into the fish oil. All the other unknown beneficial innate particles are gone.


Informed consumers know, however, that whole food products contain all of these undiscovered beneficial innate particles. Don’t wait for researchers to find these unknowns; enjoy what nature has already perfected!
  1. Möller, P. (1895). Cod-liver oil and Chemistry. London, Christiana, P Möller https://archive.org/details/codliveroilandc01mlgoog
  2. Irianto HE. (1992). Fish oil: refining, stability, and its use in canned fish for the Indonesian market [dissertation]. Palmerston North, NZ: Massey University.
  3. Group E. (2009). The differences between synthetic and natural vitamins. Global Healing Center. [Updated Feb 16,,2016; accessed May 11, 2017.] http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/synthetic-vs-natural-vitamins/.
  4. Mazzaferro S, Goldsmith D, Larsson TE, Massy ZA, Cozzolino M. (2014). Vitamin D metabolites and/or analogs: which D for which patient? Curr Vasc Pharmacol 12(2):339-49.
  5. Clement B. (2006). Nutri-con: the truth about vitamins and supplements. Organic Consumers Association. [Accessed May 5, 2017]. https://www.organicconsumers.org/news/nutri-con-truth-about-vitamins-supplements.
  6. Saghir M, Werner J, Laposata M. (1997). Rapid in vivo hydrolysis of fatty acid ethyl esters, toxic nonoxidative ethanol metabolites. Am J Physiol 273:G184-90.
  7. Fave G, Coste TC, Armand M. (2004). Physicochemical properties of lipids: new strategies to manage fatty acid bioavailability. Cell Mol Biol 50(7):815-31.
  8. Yang LY, Kukis A, Myher JJ. (1990). Intestinal absorption of menhaden and rapeseed and their fatty acid methyl and ethyl esters in the rat. Biochem Cell Biol 68:480-91.
  9. Yang LY, Kuksis A, Myher JJ. (1990). Lipolysis of menhaden oil triacylglycerols and the corresponding fatty acid alkyl esters by pancreatic lipase in vitro: a reexamination. J Lipid Res 31(1):137-47.
  10. Christie WW. (2013). What do lipids do? Their biological functions. Lipid Library. [Accessed May 11, 2017] http://lipidlibrary.aocs.org/Primer/content.cfm?ItemNumber=39370
  11. Simpson BK (Ed.). (2012). Food biochemistry and food processing, 2nd edition. Ames, IA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  12. Shahidi F, Brown JA. (1998). Carotenoid pigments in seafoods and aquaculture. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 38(1):1-67.
  13. Gao L, Yin H, Milne GL, Porter NA, Morrow JD. (2006). Formation of F-ring isoprostane-like compounds (F3-Isoprostanes) in vivo from eicosapentaenoic acid. J Biol Chem 281(20):14092-9.
  14. Yin H, Brooks JD, Gao L, Porter NA, Morrow JD. (2007). Identification of novel autoxidation products of the Ω-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid in vitro and in vivo. J Biol Chem 282(41):29890-901.
  15. Sethi S, Ziouzenkova O, Ni H, Wagner DD, Plutzky J, Mayadas TN. (2002). Oxidized omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil inhibit leukocyte-endothelial interactions through activation of PPARΑ. Blood 100:1340-6.
  16. Khaddaj-Mallat R, Morin C, Rousseau E. (2016). Novel n-3 PUFA monoacylglycerides of pharmacological and medicinal interest: anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. Eur J Pharmacol 792:70-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.10.038
  17. Alvarez-Curto E, Milligan G. (2016). Metabolism meets immunity: the role of free fatty acids receptors in the immune system. Bio Chem Pharm 114:3-13.

How To Live a Life That Really Works – Munger

The Munger Operating System: How to Live a Life That Really Works


I read this article in the Farnham Street blog https://www.farnamstreetblog.com and just had to share it – even if just for the words: ‘You want to deliver to the world what you would buy if you were on the other end.’

In 2007, Charlie Munger gave the commencement address at USC Law School, opening his speech by saying, “Well, no doubt many of you are wondering why the speaker is so old. Well, the answer is obvious: He hasn’t died yet.”

Fortunately for us, Munger has kept on ticking. The commencement speech is an excellent response to the Big Question: How do we live a life that really works? It has so many of Munger’s core ideas that we think the speech represents the Munger Operating System for life.

Munger Operating System


To get what you want, deserve what you want. Trust, success, and admiration are earned. 

It’s such a simple idea. It’s the golden rule so to speak: You want to deliver to the world what you would buy if you were on the other end. There is no ethos, in my opinion, that is better for any lawyer or any other person to have. By and large the people who have this ethos win in life and they don’t win just money, not just honors. They win the respect, the deserved trust of the people they deal with, and there is huge pleasure in life to be obtained from getting deserved trust.

Learn to love and admire the right people, live or dead.

A second idea that I got very early was that there is no love that’s so right as admiration-based love, and that love should include the instructive dead. Somehow, I got that idea and I lived with it all my life; and it’s been very, very useful to me.

Acquiring wisdom is a moral duty as well as a practical one. 

And there’s a corollary to that proposition which is very important. It means that you’re hooked for lifetime learning, and without lifetime learning you people are not going to do very well. You are not going to get very far in life based on what you already know. You’re going to advance in life by what you’re going to learn after you leave here…if civilization can progress only when it invents the method of invention, you can progress only when you learn the method of learning.

Learn to fluency the big multidisciplinary ideas of the world and use them regularly. 

What I noted since the really big ideas carry 95% of the freight, it wasn’t at all hard for me to pick up all the big ideas from all the big disciplines and make them a standard part of my mental routines. Once you have the ideas, of course, they are no good if you don’t practice — if you don’t practice you lose it.

So I went through life constantly practicing this model of the multidisciplinary approach. Well, I can’t tell you what that’s done for me. It’s made life more fun, it’s made me more constructive, it’s made me more helpful to others, it’s made me enormously rich, you name it, that attitude really helps.

Now there are dangers there, because it works so well, that if you do it, you will frequently find you are sitting in the presence of some other expert, maybe even an expert that’s superior to you, supervising you. And you will know more than he does about his own specialty, a lot more. You will see the correct answer when he’s missed it.


It doesn’t help you just to know them enough just so you can give them back on an exam and get an A. You have to learn these things in such a way that they’re in a mental latticework in your head and you automatically use them for the rest of your life.

Learn to think through problems backwards as well as forward.

The way complex adaptive systems work and the way mental constructs work, problems frequently get easier and I would even say usually are easier to solve if you turn around in reverse.

In other words if you want to help India, the question you should ask is not “how can I help India?”, you think “what’s doing the worst damage in India? What would automatically do the worst damage and how do I avoid it?” You’d think they are logically the same thing, but they’re not. Those of you who have mastered algebra know that inversion frequently will solve problems which nothing else will solve. And in life, unless you’re more gifted than Einstein, inversion will help you solve problems that you can’t solve in other ways.

Be reliable. Unreliability can cancel out the other virtues.

If you’re unreliable it doesn’t matter what your virtues are, you’re going to crater immediately. So doing what you have faithfully engaged to do should be an automatic part of your conduct. You want to avoid sloth and unreliability.

Avoid intense ideologies. Always consider the other side as carefully as your own.

Another thing I think should be avoided is extremely intense ideology, because it cabbages up one’s mind. You’ve seen that. You see a lot of it on TV, you know preachers for instance, they’ve all got different ideas about theology and a lot of them have minds that are made of cabbage.

But that can happen with political ideology. And if you’re young it’s easy to drift into loyalties and when you announce that you’re a loyal member and you start shouting the orthodox ideology out what you’re doing is pounding it in, pounding it in, and you’re gradually ruining your mind. So you want to be very careful with this ideology. It’s a big danger.

In my mind I have a little example I use whenever I think about ideology, and it’s these Scandinavian canoeists who succeeded in taming all the rapids of Scandinavia and they thought they would tackle the whirlpools in the Grand Rapids here in the United States. The death rate was 100%. A big whirlpool is not something you want to go into and I think the same is true about a really deep ideology.

I have what I call an iron prescription that helps me keep sane when I naturally drift toward preferring one ideology over another. And that is I say “I’m not entitled to have an opinion on this subject unless I can state the arguments against my position better than the people do who are supporting it. I think that only when I reach that stage am I qualified to speak.” Now you can say that’s too much of an iron discipline..it’s not too much of an iron discipline. It’s not even that hard to do.

Get rid of self-serving bias, envy, resentment, and self-pity. 

Generally speaking, envy, resentment, revenge and self pity are disastrous modes of thought. Self-pity gets pretty close to paranoia, and paranoia is one of the very hardest things to reverse. You do not want to drift into self-pity.

I have a friend who carried a big stack of index cards about this thick, and when somebody would make a comment that reflected self pity, he would take out one of the cards, take the top one off the stack and hand it to the person, and the card said, “Your story has touched my heart, never have I heard of anyone with as many misfortunes as you”. Well, you can say that’s waggery, but I suggest that every time you find you’re drifting into self pity, I don’t care what the cause — your child could be dying of cancer — self-pity is not going to improve the situation. Just give yourself one of those cards.

It’s a ridiculous way to behave, and when you avoid it you get a great advantage over everybody else, almost everybody else, because self-pity is a standard condition and yet you can train yourself out of it.

And of course self-serving bias, you want to get that out of yourself; thinking that what’s good for you is good for the wider civilization and rationalizing all these ridiculous conclusions based on the subconscious tendency to serve one’s self.

At the same time, allow for the self-serving bias in others who haven’t removed it.

You also have to allow for the self serving bias of everybody else, because most people are not going to remove it all that successfully, the human condition being what it is. If you don’t allow for self serving bias in your conduct, again you’re a fool.

I watched the brilliant Harvard Law School trained general counsel of Salomon lose his career, and what he did was when the CEO became aware that some underling had done something wrong, the general counsel said, “Gee, we don’t have any legal duty to report this but I think it’s what we should do it’s our moral duty.”

Of course, the general counsel was totally correct but of course it didn’t work; it was a very unpleasant thing for the CEO to do and he put it off and put if off and of course everything eroded into a major scandal and down went the CEO and the general counsel with him.

The correct answer in situations like that was given by Ben Franklin, he said, “If you want to persuade, appeal to interest not to reason.” The self serving bias is so extreme. If the general counsel had said, “Look this is going to erupt, it’s something that will destroy you, take away your money, take away your status…it’s a perfect disaster,” it would have worked!

Avoid being part of a system with perverse incentives.

Incentives are too powerful a controller of human cognition and human behavior, and one of the things you are going to find in some modern law firms is billable hour quotas. I could not have lived under a billable hour quota of 2,400 hours a year. That would have caused serious problems for me — I wouldn’t have done it and I don’t have a solution for you for that. You’ll have to figure it out for yourself but it’s a significant problem.

Work with and under people you admire, and avoid the inverse when at all possible.

And that requires some talent. The way I solved that is, I figured out the people I did admire and I maneuvered cleverly without criticizing anybody, so I was working entirely under people I admired. And a lot of law firms will permit that if you’re shrewd enough to work it out. And your outcome in life will be way more satisfactory and way better if you work under people you really admire. The alternative is not a good idea.

Learn to maintain your objectivity, especially when it’s hardest.

Well we all remember that Darwin paid special attention to disconfirming evidence particularly when it disconfirmed something he believed and loved. Well, objectivity maintenance routines are totally required in life if you’re going to be a correct thinker. And there we’re talking about Darwin’s attitude, his special attention to disconfirming evidence, and also to checklist routines. Checklist routines avoid a lot of errors. You should have all this elementary wisdom and then you should go through and have a checklist in order to use it. There is no other procedure that will work as well.

Concentrate experience and power into the hands of the right people – the wise learning machines. 

I think the game of life in many respects is getting a lot of practice into the hands of the people that have the most aptitude to learn and the most tendency to be learning machines. And if you want the very highest reaches of human civilization that’s where you have to go.

You do not want to choose a brain surgeon for your child among fifty applicants all of them just take turns during the procedure. You don’t want your airplanes designed that way. You don’t want your Berkshire Hathaways run that way. You want to get the power into the right people.

You’ll be most successful where you’re most intensely interested.

Another thing that I found is an intense interest of the subject is indispensable if you are really going to excel. I could force myself to be fairly good in a lot of things, but I couldn’t be really good in anything where I didn’t have an intense interest. So to some extent, you’re going to have to follow me. If at all feasible you want to drift into doing something in which you really have a natural interest.

Learn the all-important concept of assiduity: Sit down and do it until it’s done.

Two partners that I chose for one little phase of my life had the following rule: They created a little design/build construction team, and they sat down and said, two-man partnership, divide everything equally, here’s the rule; “Whenever we’re behind in our commitments to other people, we will both work 14 hours a day until we’re caught up.”

Well, needless to say, that firm didn’t fail. The people died rich. It’s such a simple idea.

Use setbacks in life as an opportunity to become a bigger and better person. Don’t wallow.

Another thing of course is life will have terrible blows, horrible blows, unfair blows, doesn’t matter. And some people recover and others don’t. And there I think the attitude of Epictetus is the best. He thought that every mischance in life was an opportunity to behave well, every mischance in life was an opportunity to learn something, and your duty was not to be submerged in self-pity but to utilize the terrible blow in a constructive fashion. That is a very good idea.

The highest reach of civilization is a seamless system of trust among all parties concerned. 

The last idea that I want to give you as you go out into a profession that frequently puts a lot of procedure and a lot of precautions and a lot of mumbo jumbo into what it does, this is not the highest form which civilization can reach. The highest form which civilization can reach is a seamless web of deserved trust. Not much procedure, just totally reliable people correctly trusting one another. That’s the way an operating room works at the Mayo Clinic.

If a bunch of lawyers were to introduce a lot of process, the patients would all die. So never forget when you’re a lawyer that you may be rewarded for selling this stuff but you don’t have to buy it. In your own life what you want is a seamless web of deserved trust. And if your proposed marriage contract has 47 pages, my suggestion is do not enter.


“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

Exercise – Top 8 Benefits ..Give it a Go!

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The health benefits of exercise are considered essential for enhancing physical activity and extending your healthy life. Being active and doing regular bodily exercises can prevent major chronic diseases such as heart problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, back pain, osteoporosis, joint pains, obesity, and even some forms of cancer.

For best health benefits, medical experts advise people to perform a minimum of half an hour of aerobic exercise at least 2 to 3 times in a week. You may also do half an hour of good physical activity every day.

Some of the health benefits of exercise ensure physical and mental health. It boosts the immune system and promotes proper sugar levels in the blood. It is good for the normal functioning of bones and protection against osteoporosis. Risks of high blood pressure, heart ailments, and even cancer are reduced with a regular dose of exercise. A balanced diet and daily exercise may do wonders for your overall health and wellness. According to the American College of Sports Medicine, 30 minutes of exercise scheduled everyday is capable of keeping a person fit.



The Physical and Mental Activities that Really Count:

Most people believe that only vigorous forms of exercise and playing outdoor sports could be considered a healthy exercise. However, reports suggest that even regular mundane activities such as cleaning the house, brisk walking, moving the lawn, sweeping, washing clothes, and doing the dishes can be termed as forms of exercise. The main aim is to stay fit and active throughout your life.

You don’t necessarily need to join a gym or do marathons in order to stay physically fit. Mental activities can involve doing some crossword puzzles, reading newspapers, helping your child in his/her homework, or calculating your bills in your mind instead of reaching for the calculator. The Researchers at Duke University have studied and concluded that regular mental exercise is helpful in treating depression, as is regular physical activity.

Everyday Activities Include:

Walking up the stairs.

Walking to stores instead of using a vehicle.

Doing the maximum amount of daily housework by yourself, in place of a maidservant.

Take care of your gardening.

Taking a brisk early morning walk or a late evening stroll.

Attending dance classes.

Health Benefits Of Exercise

Doing regular physical activity is immensely beneficial for health. Some of the health benefits of exercise are explained below.

Heart Diseases: Regular physical exercise strengthens the heart muscles, lowers LDL cholesterol levels, improves the blood flow to the heart, and prevents various heart disorders.

Obesity: A daily dose of physical activity considerably reduces body fat, uses up excess calories, and generally controls the body from putting on excess weight.

Back Pain: Exercise improves muscular strength, helps you maintain good posture, reduces fat levels, and thus prevents back pain and related conditions.



Better Sleep: A good exercise regime helps you sleep faster and get high-quality, deep sleep without any dream sequences. The natural downscale in body temperature and heart rate after a strenuous physical workout may also help you fall asleep faster.

Sex Life: Daily exercise can help you get energized and can have positive result on a dull sex life. Exercise improves blood circulation and results in better performance in the bedroom. In recent studies, it has been found that men who regularly work out are less prone to sex-related problems such as erectile dysfunction.

CancerResearch suggests that exercising an hour daily reduces the risk of contracting breast cancer in women of any age and any weight. Research also suggests that physical activity and healthy diet may help to reduce risk of cancer.

Dementia: Healthy diet, regular exercise and healthy lifestyle can help prevent dementia.

Depression: If you are feeling depressed, then a good round of physical exercise can stimulate the brain nerves and make you feel elevated, relaxed, and happier. You can feel much better after an exercise session, because it helps boost confidence levels and reduces undue stress.

Exercise doesn’t necessarily mean that you have to force yourself to go to a gym; a ballroom dance session is also a form of exercise. Going trekking, fooling around in your child’s play garden, or just dancing in the rain…everything counts as a healthy physical work out. Just get moving!

Back to Health Benefits of Food

References:American College of Sports Medicine and Researchers at Duke University

Thank you to https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/other/health-benefits-of-exercise.html

You may also enjoy this great article from Health Ambition!


“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

Bitter Melon, Weight Loss and so much more ..

BITTER MELON – Sweet Benefits!

This unusual fruit has many important, healthy nutrients and an impressive array of therapeutic compounds. It contains many bioactive chemicals, minerals, vitamins and natural antioxidants all of which contribute towards the plant’s versatility in the treatment of varied illnesses.

It is rich in vitamin A, C and E and also contains several of the B family of vitamins. The fruit is also a great source of essential minerals like potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, phosphorus and zinc, and is also an excellent source of healthy, dietary fibers.

Its antioxidant value stems from the presence of flavonoids, phenols, isoflavones, glucosinates and terpenes which are also responsible for the fruit’s extremely bitter taste.

Bitter melon

Let’s look more closely at what it can do for you:


One of the most popular traditional uses of bitter melon is to help manage blood sugar levels in people with Type-2 diabetes. Herbal remedies are often used in traditional Asian medicine to help treat diabetes and bitter melon is one of the most popular. Several studies have demonstrated that the fruit holds a great deal of promise for sufferers of diabetes. 

One Indian study stated that it was one of best and potentially most important natural treatments to lower blood sugar levels for diabetic patients.  Numerous studies have elicited promising results. One animal study published in 2005 demonstrated that bitter melon could help reduce blood sugar by as much as 30% while the same study also showed that it improved the function of the kidneys.

The main compounds in the fruit responsible for its antidiabetic effects are the phenolic compounds, triterponoids, steroids and alkaloids. Several triterponoids in particular have activities which are associated with a reduction in blood sugar. 

Despite the numerous studies proving that the fruit is an effective diabetes treatment, there is also some evidence that it can enhance the effect of diabetes medications and may cause hypoglycemia, so it’s important to talk to your doctor before you start using bitter melon to treat your condition.


Over the past few decades, researchers have turned to nature in an effort to find a safe and effective treatment for cancer. While the search appears to be endless, studies have been very fruitful and numerous potential alternative treatments have already been discovered. According to researchers, bitter melon may just be one of those natural treatments that can help us overcome this deadly disease.

A laboratory study published in 2012 analyzed the protective effects of a bitter melon liquid extract against certain types of cancer. The researchers found that the fruit extract was effective against colon and kidney cancer cells.  A study published in 2010 found that the fruit induced death in breast cancer cells. 

Another study, this time conducted on animals, found that liquid extract of the fruit induced the death of cancerous liver cells. The researchers noted that bitter melon was a promising and safe treatment for patients with liver cancer.


Bitter melon might actually help make radiotherapy more effective. A study published in 2012 found that the extract increased the susceptibility of cancer cells to radiation treatment and caused an increase in the amount of medication absorbed by the cancerous cells. 


Bitter melon has traditionally been used to overcome stomach pain and inflammation.

While bitter melon may not have been as thoroughly researched in terms of its digestive health and liver benefits, there is some evidence that it can help treat both. Bitter melon possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and may help relieve stomach troubles and also improve the function of the liver.

Indian researchers demonstrated that a bitter melon extract could help stimulate detoxification and improve liver health by increasing glutathione and superoxide dismutase levels in the body. 

Bitter melon also possesses a mild laxative effect which can help relieve that age old problem of constipation.


In China and other parts of Asia, traditional practitioners have been using bitter melon juice to treat common respiratory problems for centuries. It may help relieve common complaints like coughing, flu symptoms, bronchitis and even asthma.

Moreover, because of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, bitter melon can actually help boost immune health and actually prevent these commonplace conditions from occurring in the first place.


Because of its natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, bitter melon may help to treat several inflammatory skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis and acne. In fact, a study published in 2015 found that bitter melon inhibited the bacteria responsible for the growth of acne. 

The juice extracted from the fruit was also traditionally applied to the skin topically to deal with skin wounds and infections and may be of use in dealing with minor skin wounds today.


Some early studies suggest that bitter melon may help prevent weight gain by stimulating fat and lipid metabolism as well as mediating gene expressions which control the appetite and body weight.

A study published in 2015 demonstrated that bitter melon had the ability to boost metabolism and several studies have noted that it helped stimulate weight loss in animals. Not only does bitter melon contribute to weight loss but it can also help alleviate many of the other symptoms associated with metabolic syndrome. 


bitter melon


You can but fresh bitter melon and cook it in a variety of ways. In Asia, it is usually fried with garlic and potatoes but you can also use bitter melon to make a therapeutic tea.

It is also available in tablet or juice extract form. You can safely take up to 100 ml of fresh juice each day. If you are taking capsules, the recommended dose of extract is between 1000 and 2000 milligrams each day.


  • Always ask for your doctor’s advise if you are taking bitter melon for diabetes. Because of its ability to reduce blood sugar, it may reduce your levels even further of you are already taking medication for your condition.
  • People who have recently had surgery or lost blood should avoid bitter melon because it interferes with your blood sugar levels and may cause fainting and dizziness.
  • Pregnant women should not take bitter melon because it may stimulate menstruation and cause miscarriage.




With thanks to 


“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

Self? True Self? Oprah, Richard Rohr vs Micheal Puett views


Self? True Self?

For that man whom your outward form reveals is not yourself; the spirit is the true self, not that physical figure which can be pointed out by your finger.                                                                                         —Marcus Tullius Cicero

Imagine you are a tetherball – you are moving round a pole at some speed, often moved by outside circumstances, or your own momentum.

Your core (the pole) is steady and upright.

Your emotions/feelings/actions (the ball) are being dictated by those you meet in your path.

Notice that how people see you is in relation to where the ball moves – they do not see the whole you – just a perspective – and neither do you! 

Now we see the importance of having a firm core and balanced emotions!

How do you know who you can be, if you don’t know who you are? – Isabell Parcelle


Oprah Winfrey interviews Richard Rohr:

 ‘within each of us lie the true self and the false self. The true self, he says, is what religion often calls the soul, your eternal essence. The false self is the persona you create for yourself. Father Richard believes your goal in life is to find and manifest your true self. ‘How do we get to that true self?’ Oprah asks.

Well, as I did more search on this subject I found this very differing interpretation – which do you feel is more relevant to you?

Michael Puett’s latest book is “The Path: What Chinese Philosophers Can Teach Us About the Good Life” 

‘Ancient teachings from the western tradition have impressed on us the importance of authenticity and being true to one’s self. But what if those teachings set us on the wrong path?’  

‘The idea is it’s constant work, working through these patterns we’re falling into, altering these patterns, breaking these patterns, creating different patterns and it’s an endless work of every situation from the very mundane to the very, very large scale of constantly trying to shift these patterns for the better. And the vision is that and really only that is what the good life is. The good life is a world in which as many of us as possible, ideally everyone is flourishing.’

Let us know your views on this:)





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