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Removing ‘Impurities’ – What’s REALLY in Fish Oil?

FISH OIL – Impurities or Nature’s Gift?

By Kirsa Sommersted

 
I found this article on fish oil intriguing as it highlights the challenge in buying quality supplements – reading the label is just not enough any more. We involve ourselves in checking out brands online, reading reviews to ensure we are getting exactly what we want! In addition to reading this article, you may be interested in our Best Foods for Me post
 

Manufacturers refine fish oils to remove “impurities”. Why do the manufacturers do this? According to Peckel Möller, founder of the Möller process, it is “an endeavor to overcome the difficulties in administering the oil”.1 In other words, it is a way to improve properties like taste, odor, and texture. But what are these “impurities”? Is it truly a good idea to remove them? What are we left with after refining the oil?

 

 Online articles describe a variety of processes that fish oil manufacturers use to refine fish oils and eliminate what they refer to as “impurities”. These refining processes include carbon filtration, earthen filtration, winterization, degumming, alkali refining, physical refining, sodium carbonate, bleaching, and deodorization.2 In fact, a quick Google search will retrieve over five million results for anyone interested in learning more about fish oil refining! The fish oil produced by these refining processes, even simple filtration, can strip the fish oil of vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids. These important nutrients are then put back into the oil in a synthetic, artificial form.

 

Are these truly impurities? The word “impurities” implies that fish oil contains contaminants or foreign bodies that do not belong in the oil.
Here is a list of “impurities” removed when fish oil is refined2:
  1. Triglycerides
  2. Free fatty acids
  3. Pigments
  4. Waxes
  5. Phospholipids
  6. Oxidation products
  7. Phosphatides
  8. Mucilaginous materials
What is fish oil and what does it contain?
Fish oil contains the following2:
  1. Triglycerides
  2. Free fatty acids
  3. Fatty acids
  4. Pigments
  5. Waxes
  6. Phospholipids
  7. Antioxidants
  8. Sterols
  9. Vitamins

If you compare the two lists, you might notice that they are almost identical! This means that none of these “impurities” are true impurities!

 

Since these “impurities” are actually all naturally occurring components of fish oil, I believe it is more appropriate to refer to them as innate particles.

Some of these innate particles have known benefits. In fact, if you are taking a fish oil supplement, there is a good chance that it is precisely because you want the vitamin D, vitamin A, and omega-3 fatty acids contained in the oil. Unfortunately, when fish oil is refined these innate particles are depleted, or completely removed, and have to be synthetically added back into the fish oil.

The synthetic vitamins and synthetic omega fatty acids that manufacturers use as replacements are difficult for the body to digest, and can lead to negative, and possibly toxic effects in the body.3-9

 

What about all the other innate particles that are not added back in using synthetic substitutes? Could any of them have beneficial effects?

 

If we look closer at these innate particles we find that almost all of them are lipids, or lipid derivatives. “Lipid” is a generic term used to describe substances that are not soluble in water. They store energy, serve as signaling molecules, and are an integral part of membranes.10

 

Triglycerides, also know as “fats”, are lipids that consist of a glycerol backbone and have three fatty acids attached. 10 When triglycerides under go lipolysis, they release the glycerol from the fatty acids, creating free fatty acids. Color pigments in fish oil are either natural, or the results of enzymatic browning (oxidation), non-enzymatic browning, and/or caramelization 2. One of the most important color pigments found in seafood is carotenoid.11,12 Carotenoid is an antioxidant and a precursor of vitamin A.

Researchers are investigating these other particles and are indeed discovering that some of them have beneficial properties.13-17 In fact; Yin and colleagues believe that some of the beneficial effects of fish oils could be due to novel oxidation products.11

 

Taken together, what does this all mean? Simply put, it means that of all the innate particles destroyed or damaged during the oil refining process, very few are actually synthetically put back into the fish oil. All the other unknown beneficial innate particles are gone.

 

Informed consumers know, however, that whole food products contain all of these undiscovered beneficial innate particles. Don’t wait for researchers to find these unknowns; enjoy what nature has already perfected!
References
  1. Möller, P. (1895). Cod-liver oil and Chemistry. London, Christiana, P Möller https://archive.org/details/codliveroilandc01mlgoog
  2. Irianto HE. (1992). Fish oil: refining, stability, and its use in canned fish for the Indonesian market [dissertation]. Palmerston North, NZ: Massey University.
  3. Group E. (2009). The differences between synthetic and natural vitamins. Global Healing Center. [Updated Feb 16,,2016; accessed May 11, 2017.] http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/synthetic-vs-natural-vitamins/.
  4. Mazzaferro S, Goldsmith D, Larsson TE, Massy ZA, Cozzolino M. (2014). Vitamin D metabolites and/or analogs: which D for which patient? Curr Vasc Pharmacol 12(2):339-49.
  5. Clement B. (2006). Nutri-con: the truth about vitamins and supplements. Organic Consumers Association. [Accessed May 5, 2017]. https://www.organicconsumers.org/news/nutri-con-truth-about-vitamins-supplements.
  6. Saghir M, Werner J, Laposata M. (1997). Rapid in vivo hydrolysis of fatty acid ethyl esters, toxic nonoxidative ethanol metabolites. Am J Physiol 273:G184-90.
  7. Fave G, Coste TC, Armand M. (2004). Physicochemical properties of lipids: new strategies to manage fatty acid bioavailability. Cell Mol Biol 50(7):815-31.
  8. Yang LY, Kukis A, Myher JJ. (1990). Intestinal absorption of menhaden and rapeseed and their fatty acid methyl and ethyl esters in the rat. Biochem Cell Biol 68:480-91.
  9. Yang LY, Kuksis A, Myher JJ. (1990). Lipolysis of menhaden oil triacylglycerols and the corresponding fatty acid alkyl esters by pancreatic lipase in vitro: a reexamination. J Lipid Res 31(1):137-47.
  10. Christie WW. (2013). What do lipids do? Their biological functions. Lipid Library. [Accessed May 11, 2017] http://lipidlibrary.aocs.org/Primer/content.cfm?ItemNumber=39370
  11. Simpson BK (Ed.). (2012). Food biochemistry and food processing, 2nd edition. Ames, IA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  12. Shahidi F, Brown JA. (1998). Carotenoid pigments in seafoods and aquaculture. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 38(1):1-67.
  13. Gao L, Yin H, Milne GL, Porter NA, Morrow JD. (2006). Formation of F-ring isoprostane-like compounds (F3-Isoprostanes) in vivo from eicosapentaenoic acid. J Biol Chem 281(20):14092-9.
  14. Yin H, Brooks JD, Gao L, Porter NA, Morrow JD. (2007). Identification of novel autoxidation products of the Ω-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid in vitro and in vivo. J Biol Chem 282(41):29890-901.
  15. Sethi S, Ziouzenkova O, Ni H, Wagner DD, Plutzky J, Mayadas TN. (2002). Oxidized omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil inhibit leukocyte-endothelial interactions through activation of PPARΑ. Blood 100:1340-6.
  16. Khaddaj-Mallat R, Morin C, Rousseau E. (2016). Novel n-3 PUFA monoacylglycerides of pharmacological and medicinal interest: anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. Eur J Pharmacol 792:70-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2016.10.038
  17. Alvarez-Curto E, Milligan G. (2016). Metabolism meets immunity: the role of free fatty acids receptors in the immune system. Bio Chem Pharm 114:3-13.
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Craving? Great tips + Check out this Alternative – Ketogenics

craving

Craving something ‘yummy’?

Saw this infographic at https://www.ruled.me/ketogenic-diet-food-list/ and loved it! It led me to investigate another type of eating style ..

I really wanted to know the benefits of the ketogenic diet, as my friends are moving to this and feeling better – more energy, less headaches.

‘A keto diet is well known for being a low carb diet, where the body produces ketones in the liver to be used as energy. It’s referred to as many different names – ketogenic diet, low carb diet, low carb high fat (LCHF), etc.

When you eat something high in carbs, your body will produce glucose and insulin, which encourages that craving.

  • Glucose is the easiest molecule for your body to convert and use as energy so that it will be chosen over any other energy source.
  • Insulin is produced to process the glucose in your bloodstream by taking it around the body.

Since the glucose is being used as a primary energy, your fats are not needed and are therefore stored. Typically on a normal, higher carbohydrate diet, the body will use glucose as the main form of energy. By lowering the intake of carbs, the body is induced into a state known as ketosis.

Ketosis is a natural process the body initiates to help us survive when food intake is low. During this state, we produce ketones, which are produced from the breakdown of fats in the liver.

The end goal of a properly maintained keto diet is to force your body into this metabolic state. We don’t do this through starvation of calories but starvation of carbohydrates – yeah, less craving!’

craving
 
 

‘Our bodies are incredibly adaptive to what you put into it – when you overload it with fats and take away carbohydrates, it will begin to burn ketones as the primary energy source. Optimal ketone levels offer many health, weight loss, physical and mental performance benefits.

Below, you’ll find a list of things that you should always be on the look out for – and avoid.

  • Sugar. It’s typically found in soda, juice, sports drinks, candy, chocolate, and ice cream. Anything that’s processed and sweet you can think of most likely contains sugar. Avoid sugar at all costs.
  • Grains. Any wheat products (bread or buns), pasta, cereal, cakes, pastries, rice, corn, and beer should be avoided. This includes whole grains like wheat, rye, barley, buckwheat, and quinoa.
  • Starch. Avoid vegetables (like potatoes and yams) and other things like oats, muesli, etc. Some root vegetables are okay in moderation 
  • Trans Fats. Margarine or any other spreadable replacement butter should be avoided as they contain hydrogenated fats (bad for us).
  • Fruit. Avoid any large fruits (apples, oranges, bananas) as they’re extremely high in sugar. Some berries can be consumed in moderation
  • Low-fat foods. These tend to be much higher in carbs and sugar than full-fat versions. Make sure you read the package to make sure a mistake isn’t made.

In general, the more “real” the food, the better it is for you. While some processed foods are acceptable, many are not. Make sure that you read through the ingredients and nutrition information to make sure that it can fit within your diet.’


“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

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Fear Holding You Back? Decide to Succeed

fear

Fear holding you back? Where do you feel incapable? What daunting task can you complete, one step at a time?

Read on for action steps that will propel you forward.

  • Make the decision to succeed. Once you decide on success you rarely allow doubt to enter your mind. Your persistence, dedication, and resilience are strengthened. You free yourself to do the uncommon and the impossible.
  • Take risks. Chase your fear. Do what scares you. Make the dreaded phone call. Ask for what you want. When you experience rejection, ask someone else. Be bold and brave. Defy the odds.
  • Be prepared. Anticipate your own needs. Unemployment is the world’s fastest-rising worry, according to a BBC World Service survey. Don’t live in fear, create solutions in advance. Know how you will get out, over, around, and through what could go wrong.
  • Let go of urgency and fear. Learn to relax and go with the flow. Our anxiety and stress are caused by living in the pain of the past or the fear of the future. Life happens in the present moment.
  • Focus on the benefits of your success. Become focused on what you will gain. Is your benefit financial freedom, travel, saving the lives of others, or leaving a legacy you can be proud of? When the going gets tough, focus on your “why.”
  • Calm your body. Find a quiet place and bring your attention inward, notice where your fear resides in your body. Notice if you have a tense forehead, shallow breathing, or aching shoulders. Relax the area of your body that’s being affected. Learn to calm and center yourself.
  • Create your own fan base. I believe that most people have good hearts. They want to see you succeed. Believe people are cheering for you. When you are scared out of your mind, imagine everyone you know in one place rooting wildly for you.
  • Participate in life. Turn off your television, electronics, and the negative media. Take a guitar lesson, a skydiving lesson or yoga lesson. Swim in the ocean, hike in the mountains, get back to that yoga class, or go for a morning walk or run.
  • You are enough. Accept who you are and where you are today. When you compare yourself to others you create your own suffering. My friends were in college when I was changing diapers. I was too busy to care. What others think of you is none of your business.

Hugh Macleod, from Gaping Void, has advice for our economic times: “Learn how to work hard, work long hours, find something you love, and then excel at it. Above all else, learn how to create, learn how to invent. That’s your only hope, really.”

I agree with Hugh, however — unless you can learn how to move through your fear, you’ll continue to hold yourself back. You’ll never learn to risk, to excel, to create, to invent or to experience Joy.

Tess Marshall is the founder of The Bold Life, where she inspires people to live a fearless life. 

 

 

 

 

 

“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

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Gaining Direction by knowing Your Life Purpose


 
Gaining Direction by knowing Your Life Purpose.. During your life you have probably come to some decisions as to the purpose of your life owing to the career, hobbies, interests you pursue. Yet, how about having this pinpointed down for you? Knowing your purpose gives your life more direction, meaning, foundation. I looked into this when researching the Kabalarian Philosophy. (kabal means ‘receive wisdom’) 
 
The Philosophy is based on Numerology and has been used in some format since Ancient History, being developed by Alfred Parker until his death in 1964. It is a life analysis, enabling you to live a more fulfilled and happy life through balancing your name with your birth date.
 
Through Numerology you can get an explanation of the meaning of your name, and whether this is a ‘balanced’ name for you. 
 
To get a multi-page analysis of your full name, nicknames, business signature and birth date, which determines your birthpath or natural purpose in life, go to:
 
 

You will also receive career and compatibility suggestions. It’s invaluable!

 

Here’s an explanation of my purpose:

 

“Your role is to teach others the principles that will lead to a better understanding of human mind and potential, health, happiness, and the attainment of success on all levels.”

 

Let me know if you decide to investigate this free report. I’d love to hear about the meaning of your name, and your purpose. Also, comment on how making any recommended changes has affected your life.  These may range from personal or business success to relationships.

 http://www.kabalarians.com/

 

 

 

 

 

“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

 

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Living by Your Values – Mind Tools video

An important aspect of establishing a firm foundation on which to develop your True Self is to have a set of values that guide the way in which you live your life.

 

values

How would you define your values?

Before you answer this question, you need to know what, in general, values are.

Your values are the things that you believe are important in the way you live and work.

They (ideally) determine your priorities, and, deep down, they’re probably the measures you use to tell if your life is turning out the way you want it to.

When the things that you do and the way you behave match your values, life is usually good – you’re satisfied and content. But when these don’t align with your personal values, that’s when things feel… wrong. This can be a real source of unhappiness.

This is why making a conscious effort to identify your values is so important.

 

How Values Help You

Values exist, whether you recognize them or not. Life can be much easier when you acknowledge your values – and when you make plans and decisions that honor them.

If you value family, but you have to work 70-hour weeks in your job, will you feel internal stress and conflict? And if you don’t value competition, and you work in a highly competitive sales environment, are you likely to be satisfied with your job?

In these types of situations, understanding your values can really help. When you know your own values, you can use them to make decisions about how to live your life, and you can answer questions like these:

  • What job should I pursue?
  • Should I accept this promotion?
  • Should I start my own business?
  • Should I compromise, or be firm with my position?
  • Should I follow tradition, or travel down a new path?

So, take the time to understand the real priorities in your life, and you’ll be able to determine the best direction for you and your life goals.

Tip:

Values are usually fairly stable, yet they don’t have strict limits or boundaries.
Also, as you move through life, your values may change. For example, when you start your career, success – measured by money and status – might be a top priority. But after you have a family, work-life balance may be what you value more.

As your definition of success changes, so do your personal values. This is why keeping in touch with your values is a lifelong exercise. You should continuously revisit this, especially if you start to feel unbalanced… and you can’t quite figure out why.

As you go through the exercise below, bear in mind that values that were important in the past may not be relevant now.

Defining Your Values

When you define your personal values, you discover what’s truly important to you. A good way of starting to do this is to look back on your life – to identify when you felt really good, and really confident that you were making good choices.

Step 1: Identify the times when you were happiest

Find examples from both your career and personal life. This will ensure some balance in your answers. 

  • What were you doing?
  • Were you with other people? Who? 
  • What other factors contributed to your happiness?

Step 2: Identify the times when you were most proud

Use examples from your career and personal life. 

  • Why were you proud?
  • Did other people share your pride? Who? 
  • What other factors contributed to your feelings of pride?

Step 3: Identify the times when you were most fulfilled and satisfied

Again, use both work and personal examples. 

  • What need or desire was fulfilled? 
  • How and why did the experience give your life meaning? 
  • What other factors contributed to your feelings of fulfillment?

Step 4: Determine your top values, based on your experiences of happiness, pride, and fulfillment

Why is each experience truly important and memorable? Use the following list of common personal values to help you get started – and aim for about 10 top values. (As you work through, you may find that some of these naturally combine. For instance, if you value philanthropy, community, and generosity, you might say that service to others is one of your top values.)

Accountability
Accuracy
Achievement
Adventurousness
Altruism
Ambition
Assertiveness
Balance
Being the best
Belonging
Boldness
Calmness
Carefulness
Challenge
Cheerfulness
Clear-mindedness
Commitment
Community
Compassion
Competitiveness
Consistency
Contentment
Continuous Improvement
Contribution
Control
Cooperation
Correctness
Courtesy
Creativity
Curiosity
Decisiveness
Democraticness
Dependability
Determination
Devoutness
Diligence
Discipline
Discretion
Diversity
Dynamism
Economy
Effectiveness
Efficiency
Elegance
Empathy
Enjoyment
Enthusiasm
Equality
Excellence
Excitement
Expertise
Exploration
Expressiveness
Fairness
Faith
Family-orientedness
Fidelity
Fitness
Fluency
Focus
Freedom
Fun
Generosity
Goodness
Grace
Growth
Happiness
Hard Work
Health
Helping Society
Holiness
Honesty
Honor
Humility
Independence
Ingenuity
Inner Harmony
Inquisitiveness
Insightfulness
Intelligence
Intellectual Status
Intuition
Joy
Justice
Leadership
Legacy
Love
Loyalty
Making a difference
Mastery
Merit
Obedience
Openness
Order
Originality
Patriotism
Perfection
Piety
Positivity
Practicality
Preparedness
Professionalism
Prudence
Quality-orientation
Reliability
Resourcefulness
Restraint
Results-oriented
Rigor
Security
Self-actualization
Self-control
Selflessness
Self-reliance
Sensitivity
Serenity
Service
Shrewdness
Simplicity
Soundness
Speed
Spontaneity
Stability
Strategic
Strength
Structure
Success
Support
Teamwork
Temperance
Thankfulness
Thoroughness
Thoughtfulness
Timeliness
Tolerance
Traditionalism
Trustworthiness
Truth-seeking
Understanding
Uniqueness
Unity
Usefulness
Vision
Vitality

Step 5: Prioritize your top values

This step is probably the most difficult, because you’ll have to look deep inside yourself. It’s also the most important step, because, when making a decision, you’ll have to choose between solutions that may satisfy different values. This is when you must know which value is more important to you. 

  • Write down your top values, not in any particular order 
  • Look at the first two values and ask yourself

“If I could satisfy only one of these, which would I choose?” It might help to visualize a situation in which you would have to make that choice. For example, if you compare the values of service and stability, imagine that you must decide whether to sell your house and move to another country to do valuable foreign aid work, or keep your house and volunteer to do charity work closer to home. 

  • Keep working through the list, by comparing each value with each other value, until your list is in the correct order.

Tip:

If you have a tough time doing this, consider using Paired Comparison Analysis to help you. With this method, you decide which of two options is most important, and then assign a score to show how much more important it is.
Since it’s so important to identify and prioritize your values, investing your
time in this step is definitely worth it.

Step 6: Reaffirm your values

Check your top-priority values, and make sure they fit with your life and your vision for yourself. 

  • Do these values make you feel good about yourself? 
  • Are you proud of your top three values? 
  •  Would you be comfortable and proud to tell your values to people you respect and admire? 
  • Do these values represent things you would support, even if your choice isn’t popular, and it puts you in the minority? 

When you consider your values in decision making, you can be sure to keep your sense of integrity and what you know is right, and approach decisions with confidence and clarity. You’ll also know that what you’re doing is best for your current and future happiness and satisfaction.

Making value-based choices may not always be easy. However, making a choice that you know is right is a lot less difficult in the long run.

Key Points

Identifying and understanding your values is a challenging and important exercise. Your personal values are a central part of who you are – and who you want to be. By becoming more aware of these important factors in your life, you can use them as a guide to make the best choice in any situation.

Some of life’s decisions are really about determining what you value most. When many options seem reasonable, it’s helpful and comforting to rely on your values – and use them as a strong guiding force to point you in the right direction.         https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_85.htm

 

 

 

“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

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The Price of Faster Harvesting

 

 

(NaturalNews) When you shop for produce and see that higher price placed on the organic varieties, chances are you think there probably isn’t that much difference between the two. Surely conventional agriculture doesn’t waste chemicals. They only use them when they need to – when insects or fungus attacks the corps, right? Wrong.

Conventional produce has been through a storm of chemical treatments. The use of chemicals is so insidious, it often begins with treating the dirt and the seeds before planting. Then chemical fertilizers are used in addition to insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides during cultivation. Some fruits have been tested to find 13-15 different pesticides remain after harvesting. Now a new practice is being employed – pre-harvest desiccation. Crops are drenched with an herbicide prior to harvest to hasten and even out ripening and to control weeds for the next crop.

Unfortunately this process results in huge pesticide residues in our food, even in certified non-GMO food. That’s right, your food could be non-GMO Project verified and still have been drenched in glyphosate just prior to harvest. The foods that are approved for Roundup application and/or another pesticide just prior to harvest are as follows:

  • Wheat
  • Cotton (cottonseed oil)
  • Alfalfa
  • Oats
  • Sugar cane
  • Beans
  • Mustard
  • Oilseed rape
  • Rye/Triticale
  • Lentils
  • Peas
  • Flax
  • Sunflower
  • Pulses
  • Soy Bean
  • Sugar beet
  • Potatoes
  • Chick Peas
  • Feed barley
  • Canola
  • Corn

Unfortunately, Roundup is not the only chemical approved for use just prior to harvest. Other approved pre-harvest chemical desiccants include:

  • Reglone
  • Diquat
  • Glufosinate
  • Carfentrazone-Ethyl
  • Cyanamide
  • Paraquat
  • Diquat Dibromide
  • Carfentrazone
  • Cyclanilide
  • Diquat
  • Endothall
  • Paraquat
  • Thidiazuron
  • Tribufos

No one denies that these chemicals are toxic. The argument in favor of desiccation and other synthetic chemical treatments is that the dose of toxin is so low, it isn’t harmful to apply it.

Toxicology is based on the following 500-year-old idea that is fundamentally flawed.

All substances are poisons; there is none which is not a poison. The right dose differentiates a poison from a remedy. –Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim Paracelsus

While it is true that even water can kill you if you drink an excessive amount, the idea that small doses of poison can’t hurt you is illogical. In conventional agriculture, everything you eat includes poison. Why would you want to eat any poison with every meal, increasing your toxic load each day?

Recently, we are learning more and more about how toxic glyphosate truly is.

Unfortunately, the other chemical treatments are not any better. A drop of Reglone on your fingernail can cause your nail to shrivel up, fall off, and never grow back. Any exposure to the eyes can blind you, permanently. It doesn’t take very much Reglone to kill you, and in higher amounts it can even be fatal from contact on the skin.

The more we realize how pervasive the chemical treatments are in conventional agriculture, the more we realize the value of voting with our dollars for organic food. Also, check out Understanding and Detoxifying Genetically Modified Foods and Scientists Against GMOs.

Sources:

organiclifestylemagazine.com

monsanto.com

roundup.ca

realagriculture.com

About the author:
Joel learned long ago that pharmaceuticals were not the answer to health and vitality. He gave up on pharmaceuticals many years ago, and he also gave up wheat and refined sugars. His hobbies include gluten free baking, gardening, and fitness. Joel is passionate about agriculture and environmental issues. Joel believes that progressive, cutting-edge, organic agriculture can feed the world.

http://www.naturalnews.com/050968_glyphosate_conventional_agriculture_toxic_food.htm

 

 

 

 

 

“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”l

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What is Intelligence? Emotional Intelligence?

Intelligence has been defined in many different ways such as in terms of one’s capacity for logic, abstract thought, understanding, self-awareness, communication, learning, emotional knowledge, memory, planning, creativity and problem solving.

It can also be more generally described as the ability to perceive and/or retain knowledge or information and apply it to itself or other instances of knowledge or information creating referable understanding models of any size, density, or complexity, due to any conscious or subconscious imposed will or instruction to do so.
 

Intelligence is most widely studied in humans, but has also been observed in non-human animals and in plants. Artificial intelligence is the simulation of intelligence in machines.

 

intelligence

“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”

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‘Live out of your Imagination, not your History’

imagination

‘Imagination, also called the faculty of imagining, is the ability to form new images and sensations in the mind that are not perceived through senses such as sight, hearing, or other senses. Imagination helps make knowledge applicable in solving problems and is fundamental to integrating experience and the learning process.
 
A basic training for imagination is listening to storytelling (narrative), in which the exactness of the chosen words is the fundamental factor to “evoke worlds”. It is a whole cycle of image formation or any sensation which may be described as “hidden” as it takes place without anyone else’s knowledge.
 
A person may imagine according to his mood, it may be good or bad depending on the situation. Some people imagine in a state of tension or gloominess in order to calm themselves. It is accepted as the innate ability and process of inventing partial or complete personal realms within the mind from elements derived from sense perceptions of the shared world’.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imagination
 
Remember!
 
“Live out of your imagination, not your history.” 
Stephen Covey, author of the best-selling book,
The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People
 
 
 
 
 

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What is Consciousness? How Aware Are You?

‘​Consciousness’ refers to your individual awareness of your unique thoughts, memories, feelings, sensations and environment. Your conscious experiences are constantly shifting and changing. For example, in one moment you may be focused on reading this article. Your consciousness may then shift to the memory of a conversation you had earlier with a co-worker. Next, you might notice how uncomfortable your chair is or maybe you are mentally planning dinner.

This ever-shifting stream of thoughts can change dramatically from one moment to the next, but your experience of it seems smooth and effortless.
 
 
 
States of consciousness
consciousness
 

 

There are some brain states in which consciousness seems to be abolished, including dreamless sleep, coma, and death. There are also a variety of circumstances that can change the relationship between the mind and the world in less drastic ways, producing what are known as altered states of consciousness. Some altered states occur naturally; others can be produced by drugs or brain damage.  Altered states can be accompanied by changes in thinking, disturbances in the sense of time, feelings of loss of control, changes in emotional expression, alternations in body image and changes in meaning or significance.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consciousness
 
  
As Max Velmansand Susan Schneider wrote in The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness: “Anything that we are aware of at a given moment forms part of our consciousness, making conscious experience at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives.
 
 
consciousness
 

 

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy in 1998 defines consciousness as follows:
‘Consciousness—Philosophers have used the term ‘consciousness’ for four main topics: knowledge in general, intentionality, introspection (and the knowledge it specifically generates) and phenomenal experience… Something within one’s mind is ‘introspectively conscious’ just in case one introspects it (or is poised to do so).
 
 
Introspection is often thought to deliver one’s primary knowledge of one’s mental life. An experience or other mental entity is ‘phenomenally conscious’ just in case there is ‘something it is like’ for one to have it. The clearest examples are: perceptual experience, such as tastings and seeings; bodily-sensational experiences, such as those of pains, tickles and itches; imaginative experiences, such as those of one’s own actions or perceptions; and streams of thought, as in the experience of thinking ‘in words’ or ‘in images’. Introspection and phenomenality seem independent, or dissociable, although this is controversial.’
 
 
 
 
 
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What is Thought? Thinking?

Thought can refer to the ideas or arrangements of ideas that result from thinking, the act of producing thoughts, or the process of producing thoughts. Although thought is a fundamental human activity familiar to everyone, there is no generally accepted agreement as to what thought is or how it is created. Thoughts are the result or product of spontaneous acts of thinking.

 

thought

 

Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins, processes, and effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, artificial intelligence, biology, and sociology.
 
Thinking allows humans to make sense of, interpret, represent or model the world they experience, and to make predictions about that world. It is therefore helpful to an organism with needs, objectives, and desires as it makes plans or otherwise attempts to accomplish those goals. Thoughts are the keys which determine one’s goal.
 
Thinking is sometimes described as a “higher” cognitive function and the analysis of thinking processes is a part of cognitive psychology. It is also deeply connected with our capacity to make and use tools; to understand cause and effect; to recognize patterns of significance; to comprehend and disclose unique contexts of experience or activity; and to respond to the world in a meaningful way.    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thought
“According to the ‘Fair Use’ clause of International Copyright Law, the authors declare that the use of the photos, videos and information in this academic research are analyzed for purposes of “criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research” according to Section 107 of Title 17 of the US Code.”